According to 2007 report, there are 17,140 people died in Singapore from various cases. The number one cause of increasing mortality rate is Cancer. There are about 4.5 deaths per 1,000 of the population.
This is dreadful because of the increasing rate of suicide, health related deaths as well as crime involvement in the country.
Among the top 10 causes of death in Singapore were: cancer with 27.7%, Ischaemic heart disease 19.8%, pneumonia 13.9%, Cerebrovascular disease which includes stroke 8.7%, accidents which involves poisoning, violence and suicide appears to have 6%, other heart diseases 4.3%, diabetes especially cases of diabetes mellitus with 3.6%, chronic obstructive lung disease with 2.6%, urinary track infections 2.2%, and nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis with 2.0 percent.
In Singapore, when a person dies, the doctor will issue a CCOD or certificate of cause of death to the family of the deceased. After the family obtains the certificate of cause of death, they usually subject it to the funeral director for embalming or for cremation. The family has the right to decide whether the body should be buried or reduced to ashes. The funeral service in Singapore also makes the arrangement for the wake and the funeral according to the religious belief and the last wishes of the family.
There are two instances of death in Singapore, death due to natural causes and non-natural causes. Natural causes according to a legal definition of the Interpretation Act, a person is considered as having died when there is either irreversible cessation of breathing normally respiration, ceasing of brain activity and circulation of blood. The family then receives the CCOP from the doctor and follows the same procedure. However, when the body of the deceased died due to non-natural causes or the doctor cannot fully determine the cause of death, according to the Criminal Procedure Code, the doctor is required to refer the case to the police. The body is subjected to the Centre for Forensic Medicine or CFM mortuary to undergo further autopsy.
Today, the Choa Chu Kang Cemetery Complex is the only cemetery now that are still accepting burials. Other cemeteries such as Bidadari Cemetery are now doing its redevelopment for the allocation of crematorium or columbarium.
About November 1, 1998, there is a policy implemented by National Environmental Agency to limit the burial period of all graves to 15 years because of the shortage of space in cemeteries. After the limit of 15 years, the bodies are later exhumed and the remains are removed. The family of the deceased are informed and may be permitted according to religion to decide whether to cremate the body and to be stored in government columbaria niches or to be re-buried the remains in a smaller individual plot. .
In the present, there are three government columbaria and 57 private ones can be seen in Singapore. The only government facility, the Mandai Crematorium is operated by NEA or National Environmental Agency. The other two government-operated columbaria are at Yishun and Choa Chu Kang. Some of the two privately crematoria are also operating, namely Kong Meng San Phor Kark Monastery at Bright Hill Drive, Bishan and the other is in Tse Toh Aum Temple at Sin Ming Drive.